Bharat EV Charging standardsIbeyonde
Charging up the Indian EV market
Why Bharat Charging Standards
With the drop in the price of batteries and worldwide push for cleaner fuel, the world is witnessing a shift from traditional fuel-based vehicles to electric vehicles. This move is more pronounced in the USA/Europe as of now. With Niti-Aayog/Government focus on electrification of vehicles here in India, (ex to achieve fleet vehicle electrification by 2030,) we in India, are sitting at a tipping point. An electrical vehicle pilot is currently undertaken in Nagpur with taxi operators. We will witness a surge in availability of electrical vehicles (EVs) in India. We expect that the commercial charging market will be dominated by existing oil companies that will use their spaces to provide the electrical vehicle (EV) charging (Govt may also subsidise electricity for such purpose). The electrical vehicle charging is unlike filling petrol due to two things: 1. It takes more time than filling up petrol and 2. Anyone having an electric meter can also put up a home charger.
Residential Charging Solution
A good majority of people are living in high rises in India. Mumbai alone has 1500 high rises. There is a need to provide cheaper charging facilities in apartments. Worldwide more than 45% of the EV charging happens at home.
India has its unique challenges when it comes to electric vehicle charging. The prominent problems are a high premium on real estate and public apathy towards civic infrastructure. These constraints will mean the solution has to be lean on real estate and pretty robust to withstand various abuses that will come its way. To save on real estate, we need better and fast chargers other than the intelligence to optimise charging station usage. Unfortunately, the Department of Heavy Industries has desisted from defining higher rating AC chargers. The delay in identifying this requirement will only delay the creation of suitable vehicles that are useful, as most of the vendors will stick to the conditions set up by the ministries creating misfit vehicles (nano’s of the electric cars). It is beneficial to have an external EV Charger instead of building one in every car. An agreement on standards that everyone agrees to should be put in place by the government, in general, a difficult task. On the brighter side, the Indian market has to only pick up proven standards from American, Chinee or European experiments.
There are several charging standards:
There is a standards battle going on at the moment. The Japanese carmakers are pushing CHAdeMO, the European and North American carmakers settled on the SAE Combined Charging System, and Tesla is going its way with the Supercharger.
India is inclining towards GB/T standard that is championed by China. Given that two huge auto markets are set to adopt GB/T, just by the weight of numbers, that may just become the world’s EV charging standard.
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